amino acid

An amino acid with the amine group (left side), the hydroxyl group (right side) and the side chain (R)

amino acid

A small organic molecule containing a carboxylic acid group (-COOH), an amine group (-NH2) and a side chain specific to each amino acid. They are vital biological components; a group of amino acids form the building blocks for all proteins, which consist of linear chains of amino acids. Certain amino acids can be synthesised by the body (non-essential amino acids) others have to be taken in as part of the diet (essential amino acids).

Aminosäure f
acide aminé m
amminoacido m
aminoacido m
aminoàcid m
aminozuur n
aminokyselina f
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